Are you wondering about what causes bunions and treatment options available? It can be a painful experience affecting one’s ability to walk and go through daily activities. If you are reading this, then you are probably wondering about the same thing.
Now wearing tight shoes and high heels is the most common cause of bunions. When a bunion forms, the large toe joint grows and protrudes externally. The skin over this toe gets tender and red, and bursitis or arthritis might occur. Bunions can also occur following foot injuries, and in some cases may even be hereditary in nature.
Other factors that increase your chances of getting bunions as cited by orthopaedic experts from reputable clinics like “ModPod Sports Podiatry“:
- Excessive use of high heels can overcrowd your toes and can lead to bunions.
- Ill-fitting shoes – Individuals (especially women) who wear shoes that are too tight and narrow are
- People with arthritis are at risk of getting bunions as it affects their ability to walk properly
- Genetics – An acquired structural foot defect can cause bunions
Treatment options for Bunions
Most bunions are treatable without surgical intervention. If the bunion triggers you to have difficulty walking, the orthopaedic expert will suggest wearing a specialised pair of shoes, avoidance of particular shoe types, cushioning and taping, shoe inserts, and medications.
- Altering Shoes – The orthopaedic expert will suggest comfortable, spacious shoes with an appropriate area for your toes. These unique shoes will conform to your foot shape along with having a full instep, broad toes, and soft soles.
- Avoiding Shoes – Treatment involves avoidance of pointed shoes, tight-fitting shoes, and high heels.
- Padding and Taping – Your doctor will show you the best ways to tape and pad your foot to hold it into a regular position. These procedures decrease tension on the bunion and ease pain.
- Shoe Inserts – Cushioned shoe inserts distribute the pressure evenly to reduce pain or discomfort. Also, these gadgets may prevent your bunion from getting worse. Some people also discover relief with the use of non-prescription arch supports.
- Medications – Your Orthopaedic expert may recommend acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Motrin), or naproxen (Aleve) to manage discomfort.
Surgical treatment for Bunion
When your bunion triggers you to have difficulty walking and relentless discomfort exists, the orthopaedic professional might recommend surgical treatment. Bunion surgery straightens the bone, tendons, ligaments, and nerves, so your big toe is in the appropriate position. Doctors generally perform Bunion surgery on an outpatient basis utilising ankle-block anaesthesia.
An orthopaedist almost always recommend a surgical approach if there is:
- Severe swelling of toes that does not improve with conservative treatment
- Severe discomfort that affects walking and daily activities
- Toe stiffness and failure to correct or bend the toe
- Toe deformity
What are the kinds of bunion surgical treatments?
Orthopaedic specialists use different surgical techniques to deal with bunions. These procedures include:
- Arthrodesis – This is the removal of the damaged joint surfaces and insertion of wires, screws, or plates to hold the joint together as it recovers. Doctors recommend this approach for patients with severe arthritis.
- Osteotomy – This treatment involves the cutting and realignment of the joint.
- Repair of the Tendons and Ligaments around the Huge Toe – The structures around the large toe could be causing the toe to drift towards the others. This procedure, frequently integrated with an osteotomy, shortens the loose tissues and lengthens the tight ones.
- Exostectomy – This technique includes the elimination of the bump on the toe joint and is utilised only when there is no wandering of the big toe.
- Resection Arthroplasty – The orthopaedic expert will get rid of the broken part of the joint. Doctors usually recommend this treatment to those who have actually had previous surgery that failed or for those with severe arthritis.
Recovering from Bunion Surgery
Your healing will succeed if you follow your orthopaedic guidelines the very first few weeks following your procedure.
Bearing Weight – Your physician will encourage you to use a cane, crutches, or walker after your surgery. You will be able to put more weight on your foot as it recovers slowly.
Dressing Care – After surgery, you will have plasters holding your toe in position. Also, you will use a special surgical shoe or cast to protect your foot. Patients can remove the stitches around two weeks after the treatment. To enable proper recovery, you ought to keep your dressings dry and tidy. The doctor will encourage you on altering the bandages.
Swelling and Shoe Use – You should keep your foot elevated for the first week following surgical treatment, and ice is suggested to alleviate discomfort and swelling which can persist up to 6 months.
Workouts – To strengthen your foot, the orthopaedic specialist may recommend specific exercises. The medical professional might also prescribe a course of physical treatment for you.
Medications – The physician might prescribe prescription antibiotics and discomfort medications following your treatment. The prescription antibiotics are used to avoid infection. It is essential that you follow the directions and take the drug as instructed.
Learn more about options of treatment for Bunions by checking out other reputable sources on the web similar to what you can find at http://www.modpodpodiatry.com.au/bunions/ . Only then can you decide on the right solution for your condition.